• The systems and livelihood analysis done in the zone indicated that goat rearing was being practiced by majority of households irrespective of wealth rank. However, the low growth rate and very low slaughter weight were among the main constraints associated with goat production in the zone. In view of this, a program for developing and promoting goat breeds with high growth rate, slaughter weight and associated management options for improved productivity was initiated. Indigenous goats are being crossed with selected exotic breeds. The off-spring (cross-breds) are evaluated both on-station and on-farm for performance under local conditions. Through farmer adaptive research groups, farmers are being trained on management options for improved productivity of these goat breeds and their resultant crosses.

    Achievements and progress so far include:
    Raising a parent stock of pure Boer and 50% Boer-local cross breeds. The process of back-crossing to produce 75% cross breeds and eventually well adapted pure Boer goats has been initiated.

    Availing parent stock to 16 farmer groups, four in each district in SWHAEZ. One of the groups, Nyakibande Twetungure Farmers? Group in Kabale has a stand stock at more than 600, 50% Boer-local cross breeds. In this group, off springs that attain the ages of seven months and beyond are sold at USh. 200,000 -250,000/= each compared to USh. 120,000 -150,000/= from local goats which are worth selling at two years.

    Facilitating development of a zonal Goat multitakeholder innovative platform with membership drawn from the four districts in the zone. The platform serves as a private sector organization to multiply good quality parent stock for accessing of improved goat breeds by other farmers.

    Work has been initiated to characterize the production systems and breed characteristics of indigenous goat breeds in Uganda. This will help us in developing breeding programs for improving indigenous goat breeds in Uganda.

    KAZARDI is also planning to bring on board dairy goat farming through the framework of the goat producers association. In order to have accurate and reliable information about what needs to be taken care of to guarantee high adoption levels of dairy goats and their corresponding management recommendations, scientists have recently conducted a survey to determine the perceptions of key stakeholders on dairy goats. The results of the survey are available in subsequent reports and publications.

    Research aiming at developing recommendation for managing intestinal parasites is being conducted. Partial results have so far established that Haemonchus contortus, Oesophagostomum columbianum and Trichostrongylus spp. are the most prevalent intestinal parasites in the region in the order as stated above respectively. Work has been initiated to establish the effectiveness of the different commercially available anthelmintics to these nematodes in the zone.

    A fodder bank of 0.8ha has also been established to provide high protein source of pasture legumes and the total grazing area has been expanded to maintain a sizeable stock. The fodder bank is progressively being developed to act as a source for pasture seed for uptake by farmers in the zone.