Animal Resources Research Programme

  • The mandate of the Animal Resources Research programme is to conduct applied and adaptive research studies in livestock, fisheries and apiculture.

    Functions of the programme
    This entail studies on various aspects:
    a. Breeding (improvement of local breeds especially on goats)
    b. Animal health (disease and pest/parasite) management
    c. Nutrition
    d. General husbandry practices
    e. Processing and value addition
    f. Land and water resources management
    g. Aquaculture and Fisheries
    h. Apiary

    Kachwekano ZARDI mainly does research on Goats, dairy and fisheries.

    Goats
    The systems and livelihood analysis done in the zone indicated that goat rearing was being practiced by majority of households irrespective of wealth rank. However, the low growth rate, very low slaughter weight and high kid mortalities were among the main constraints associated with goat production in the zone. In view of this, a program for developing and promoting goat breeds with high growth rate slaughter weight was initiated. Local goats are being crossed with exotic Boer breed. The off-springs (cross-breeds) are evaluated both on-station for performance under local conditions. Through farmer research groups, farmers are being trained on managing improved goat breeds for optimal outpu

    Adaptive research sites managed by farmers have led to the improvement of goat breeds through cross breeding programs

     Achievements and progress

    Raising a parent stock of pure Boer and 50% Boer-local cross breeds. The process of back-crossing to produce 75% cross breeds and eventually well adapted pure Boer goats has been initiated.

     Availing parent stock to 16 farmer groups, four in each district in SWHAEZ. One of the groups, Nyakibande Twetungure Farmers Group has a stand stock at more than 600, 50% Boer-local cross breeds. In this group, off springs that attain the age of seven months and beyond are sold at Sh. 200,000/= - 250,000/= each compared to Sh. 120,000/= -150,000/= from local goats which are worth selling at two years after birth.

     Facilitating development of a zonal Goat Multi stakeholder innovation platform with membership drawn from the four districts in the zone. The platform will serve as a private sector organization to multiply good quality parent stock for accessing of improved goat breeds by other farmers.

    Research aiming at developing recommendation for managing intestinal parasites is being conducted. Partial results have so far established that Haemonchus contortus, Oesophagostomum columbianum and Trichostrongylus spp. are the most prevalent intestinal parasites in the region in the order as stated above respectively.

     A fodder bank of 0.8ha has also been established to provide high protein source of pasture legumes and the total grazing area has been expanded to maintain a sizeable stock.